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新東方網>上海新東方學校>原創干貨集錦>大學干貨集錦>四六級干貨集錦>正文

四六級閱讀的高頻考點來啦!考前必須掌握!

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2021-04-07 13:27

今天,為大家帶來的是四六級閱讀的高頻考點!



1因果關系要牢記!


常見表因果的詞語:because, why, the reason, for, so, since, as a result等。


同樣值得注意的是:當why引導一個問句時,考點出處往往是緊接著回答此問題的句子或相鄰的幾個羅列點或相連幾段話的首句。

  

例:(因果)American tourists, however, shouldnt expect any relief soon. The dollar lost strength the way many marriages break up- slowly, and then all at once. And currencies dont turn on a dime. So if you want to avoid the pain inflicted by the increasingly pathetic dollar, cancel that summer vacation to England and look to New England. There, the dollar is still treated with a little respect.

  

55. What is the author’s advice to Americans?

  

A. They treat the dollar with a little respect

B. They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble

C. They vacation at home rather than abroad

D. They treasure their marriages all the more.

  

【答案】C


【解析】面對美元貶值給美國人帶來的民族自尊上的困擾,作者給美國人提出建議:如果想要避免困擾,最好取消去英國的旅行,轉而前往新英格蘭(美國的一個地區)旅行。換句話說,作者建議取消去國外的旅行,轉而在國內旅行。


2并列關系要注意!


除了最熟悉的轉折以外,邏輯關系還包含:并列、舉例、因果、遞進等等。而緊排在轉折之后,并列相對在歷年真題中也是較多出現的考查處。


常見表并列的詞語:and, while(同時), meanwhile, also;


值得注意的是:兩個句子之間用分號(;)隔開,也表并列。


并列比較難以察覺,需要同學平時練習過程中就有意識地對這種邏輯關系進行關注。下面結合真題,大家可以詳細的回顧一下。


1(并列)They weren't lookingfor cured meats, organic produce or beautiful presentation; they were looking forwhatever they could get their hands on, and this prioritisation of quantityover quality prevailed for decades, meaning a generation was brought up withfood that couldn't compete with neighbouring France, Italy, Belgium orSpain.(2011.6, cet 4)


53. Why couldn'tBritain compete with some of its neighbouring countries in terms of food in thepost-war decades?

A. Its food lackedvariety.

B. Its people caredmore for quantity.

C. It was short of well-trainedchefs.

D. It didn't haveflavourful food ingredients.

【答案】B

【解析】本段后半部分提到,這種只重數量不重質量的習慣持續了幾十年,這意味著一代英國人是被無法和鄰近的法國、意大利、比利時和西班牙相媲美的食物養大的。由此可知,英國食物無法跟鄰國競爭是因為英國人只重數量不重質量。B選項是對原文中“prioritisation of quantity over quality”的同意轉述。


3轉折邏輯別忘記!


通過做歷年的四級閱讀真題大家也能發現,最常見的考點出處就是轉折處出考題。


常見轉折關聯詞有:but, however, yet, nevertheless, while(然而), on the contrary等等。下面結合真題,大家可以詳細的回顧一下。


例:I had waited tablesduring summers in college and was treated like a peon (勤雜工) plenty of people. But at 19 years old, I believed I deservedinferior treatment from professional adults. Besides, people responded to medifferently after I told them I was in college. Customers would joke that oneday Id be sitting at theirtable, waiting to be served.


54. How did the authorfeel when waiting tables at the age of 19?

A. She felt it unfairto be treated as a mere servant by professional.

B. She felt badly hurtwhen her customers regarded her as a peon.

C. She was embarrassedeach time her customers joked with her.

D. She found itnatural for professionals to treat her as inferior.

【答案】D

【解析】作者19歲時在飯店當招待員,對于不被顧客尊重,她的看法是“deserved inferior treatment”,即“低人一等是理所當然的”。換句話說,作者覺得有專業技能的人看低她是十分自然的事,即D選項所述。


例:A few months ago, itwasn't unusual for 47-year-old Carla Toebe to spend 15 hours per day online.She'd wake up early, turn on her laptop and chat on Internet dating sites andinstant-messaging programs leaving herbed for only brief intervals. Her household bills piled up, along with thedishes and dirty laundry, but it took near-constant complaints from her fourdaughters before she realized she had a problem.(2010.6, cet4 )


51. What eventuallymade Carla Toebe realize she was spending too much time on the Internet?

A. The poorly managedstate of her house.

B. The high financialcosts adding up.

C. Fatigue resultingfrom lack of sleep.

D. Her daughter'srepeated complaints.

【答案】D

【解析】本段主要描述了Carla Toebe因上網嚴重影響到生活,最后一句后半句通過轉折指出,是她4個女兒的不停抱怨才讓她最終意識到自己有了問題(hada problem),而這一問題正是題干中提到的“spendingtoo much time on the Internet”。

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