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新東方網>上海新東方學校>上海托福>托福寫作>正文

托福寫作必背100個替換詞匯

2020-02-07 16:32

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很多考生在托福寫作考試中都會存在詞匯貧乏的通病。同學們想要提高托福寫作分數,除了清晰的思路、完整的框架以外,簡潔有效并且多樣化的語言表達也是至關重要的。

因此今日為大家整理了100個托福寫作黃金詞匯和替換詞,大家一定要熟練掌握哦!

1. famous people 名人

替換詞:celebrities (單數為 celebrity

2. opinion 觀點

替換詞:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

3. complex 復雜的

替換詞:intricate

(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

4. part 部分

替換詞:component

5. person

替換詞:individual

6. friends 朋友、同伴

替換詞:companions

7. enemy 敵人

替換詞:opponent / foe

8. narrow minds 狹隘的頭腦或觀念

替換詞:insular minds

9. boring 無聊的

替換詞:tedious

(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

10. cold 寒冷的

替換詞:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

11. dangerous 危險的

替換詞:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

12. nowadays 目前

替換詞:currently

13. result 結果

替換詞:consequence (the results or effects of something)

14. obvious 明顯的

替換詞:apparent / manifest

15. field 領域

替換詞:domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

16. wrong 錯誤的

替換詞:erroneous

(incorrect or partly correct)

17. change 改變、轉變

替換詞:convert

(change into another form)

18. rich 富有

替換詞:affluent

(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

19. attractive 吸引人的

替換詞:appealing

(pleasing and attractive) / absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

20. best 最好的

替換詞:optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

21. unbelievable 難以置信的

替換詞:inconceivable

(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)

22. method 方法

替換詞:avenue

(away of getting something done)

23. famous 著名的、出眾的

替換詞:distinguished

(used to describe people who are successful in their career)

24. ancient 古老的

替換詞:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

25. possible 可能的、合理的

替換詞:feasible

(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

26. so 因此

替換詞:consequently / accordingly

27. rare 很少發生的

替換詞:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

28. careful 小心的、謹慎的

替換詞:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

29. dislike 不喜歡、厭惡

替換詞:abhor

(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

30. near 附近的

替換詞:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

31. common 普遍的

替換詞:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

32. important 重要的

替換詞:crucial

(extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

33.a life without regular exercise

缺乏定期鍛煉的生活

替換詞:a sedentary lifestyle

34. very popular 很受歡迎

替換詞:prevalent / ubiquitous

35. strong 強有力的

替換詞:powerful / mighty

36. be better than

替換詞:be superior to

37. many 大量、許多

替換詞:numerous

38. most suitable 最合適的

替換詞:optimal

39. alone 孤獨的

替換詞:solitary

40. be the same 一樣

替換詞:be identical /

be homogenous / be uniform

41. happy 開心的

替換詞:delighted

42. good for the environment

對環境好,環保

替換詞:eco-friendly

43. doubt sth. 懷疑某事

替換詞:be skeptical about sth.

44. have many different abilities 多才多藝、多面手

替換詞:be versatile / be well-rounded

45. poor-quality 質量差

替換詞:substandard

46. spend a lot of money

花錢大手大腳

替換詞:lead an extravagant / a lavish life

47. with long history 歷史悠久

替換詞:time-honored(后面經常跟抽象名詞,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage

48. be very interested in 感興趣

替換詞:be absorbed in / be engrossed in

49. be qualified for 勝任

替換詞:be eligible for

50. very difficult 很困難

替換詞:daunting / formidable

51. having wrong opinions

觀點錯誤

替換詞:be skewed / biased

52. enough 足夠的

替換詞:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant

53. too much 太多、大量的

替換詞:excessive

54. very little 很小

替換詞:minimal

55. cause bad effects 產生不良后果

替換詞:counterproductive

56. make sth. strong 使某物強壯

替換詞:strengthen / fortify / reinforce / consolidate sth.

57. make sth. worse 使某物變得更糟

替換詞:aggravate / exacerbate sth.

58. stop 停止

替換詞:cease

59. appear 出現

替換詞:emerge / arise

60. begin 開始

替換詞:commence / initiate

61. keep complaining about sth.

抱怨某事

替換詞:grumble about sth.

62. try hard to do sth. 努力做某事

替換詞:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

63. decrease 下降

替換詞:decline / dwindle(特指逐漸緩慢的減少)/ dip / slip (后兩個詞用來指短促的下降)

64. develop fast 發展迅速

替換詞:flourish / thrive

65. develop 培養、培育

替換詞:cultivate / foster / nurture(這三個詞后面經常跟和教育有關的名詞,比如 cultivate an interest in social issues

66. support 支持

替換詞:buttress / bolster

67. work hard 努力工作、專心工作

替換詞:work assiduously

68. consider 深思、考慮

替換詞:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

69. meet 遇到

替換詞:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 這樣偏大一些的話題)

70. provide sth. 提供某物

替換詞:afford sth.(在正式英文寫作中,afford 經常可以表示「提供」)

71. like sth. very much

非常喜歡某物

替換詞:have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.

72. consider sth. valuable

覺得某物有價值

替換詞:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

73. solve 解決

替換詞:tackle / combat / address

74. choose sth. / choose to do sth. 選擇(做)某事

替換詞:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

75. achieve 實現

替換詞:fulfill

76. appear in large numbers 大量出現

替換詞:sprout up / mushroom

77. pay…for (one's loss) 支付(損失)

替換詞:compensate…for…

78. contribute to 有助于

替換詞:promote / facilitate(這兩個詞都是及物動詞,所以不需要跟 to

79. hate 厭惡、反對

替換詞:resent / hold a grudge against

80is not limited to… 不限于

替換詞:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

81. improve 提高

替換詞:boost / enhance(比如 boost solidarity 增進團結 / enhance productivity 提高生產率)

82. waste 浪費

替換詞:use… lavishly

83. change… a lot 變化很大

替換詞:fundamentally change… / radically change… / transform…

84. obey 服從、聽從

替換詞:abide by / comply with / conform to (后面跟 the law / rules / regulations 等)

85. depend on 取決于

替換詞:hinge on / be contingent on

86. make one's dream come true

實現夢想

替換詞:fulfill one’s potential / attain one’s goal

87. get rid of 擺脫、除去

替換詞:eliminate / remove / abolish(多用于政府類話題,廢除)

88. mainly 主要地

替換詞:primarily / principally / chiefly

89. In the old days,… 在過去

替換詞:Traditionally,…

/ Historically,…

90. before… 之前

替換詞:prior to…

91. be punished by the law

被法律制裁

替換詞:be brought to justice

92. It is common for sb. to…

對…來說很普遍

替換詞:It is standard practice for sb. to…

93. in this aspect 在這方面

替換詞:in this regard / in this respect

94. in fact 事實上、本質上

替換詞:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

95. It is impossible that… 不可能

替換詞:It is highly unlikely that…

96. The cause of A is B.

A 的原因是 B

替換詞:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

97. sth. stops 某物靜止不動

替換詞:sth. comes to a standstill

98. carry out 開展

替換詞:launch / conduct

99. pace of life 生活節奏

替換詞:rhythm of life / tempo of life

100. adapt to 適應

替換詞:adjust to / acclimate to

 

 

 

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